Tuesday, 23 May 2017

The Performance Indicator Between Winning And Losing In Silat SEA GAMES 2015 Competition

Shapie, M.N.M. & Mamat, S.N.F. (1)
1. Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor
2. Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia
3. Softball UiTM Player

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance indicator between winning and losing in Silat Sea Games Singapore 2015. The data were collected from 4 matches which is Quarterfinals Category Women’s Class C, Quarterfinals Category Men’s Class A, Semi-finals Category Men’s Class A and lastly is Final Category Men’s Class H. A total of 13 performance indicators were selected as the variables in this study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. The result showed Indonesia had won in the four match that I choose and the motions that Indonesia use in the each match is more higher than the opponent team. Besides that, the result showed that every team that chosen in the tournament were preferred to play more kick ‘tendang’ than the other actions while less number of the actions that used in this match is dodge.
Keywords: kicking, martial arts, coaching, performance analysis

Introduction
In the higher level of sporting event, every details of the individual or team performance can be the decisive factor either their team is winning or losing. Thus, technology that had been use to analyse either individual or team performance came into the sport industry in order to push the sporting event.

            Silat is a martial art that is practiced in amateur and in professional levels. Silat is martial arts that come from Indonesia. It is traditionally practiced in Siuthern Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Brunei, Philiphines and also Malysia [f]. Silat is a combative art of Malaysia fighting arts. Silat can divides into two catogories which are Silat Seni and Silat Olahraga. Silat Seni is an artistic [e].

Silat Seni focuses on choreographed movements and pattern of silat [h] while Silat Olahraga is matches that have two players. The uniqueness Silat Olahraga is the rule. In the rule, there are exist of basic commands, time for each match, target area to attack the opponent, and the scoring point for each of the area that attacked [g].

Sport analysis technology is important because it will provide coach’s feedback usually with video based evidence since people only can remember about 30% of what they
see (Stice, 2009). Knowing the nature of the sport is important because formal game can be categorise into three which are net and wall games, invasion games, and striking and fielding games.

Performance indicator is a type of performance measurement. Performance measurement is the process of collecting, analysing and reporting information regarding the performance of an individual, group, organization, system or component.

Materials and Methods

Match analysis
For the first match, I took from quarter final category Men’s 50kg which is in Class A is Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia and Muhammad Ridhwan Selamat from Singapore. For second match is semi-final between Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia and Alshameir Ibnohasim from Philipina in Class A Men’s 50kg while for the third match is during quarterfinals women’s category 60kg Class C is between Nurul Shafiqa Mohamed Saiful from Singapura and  from Indonesia is Wewey Wita.Lastly. Lastly is category Men’s 85kg Class H in final between Tri Juanda Samsul Bahar from Indonesia and Muhammad Robial Sobri from Malaysia.

Motion categories
In silat, there are different types of motion such as:

Punch:
The punch ‘tumbuk’ attack is done by a hand with closed fist hitting the target. In silat, punching is often used to fight the opponent. It can be a straight punch ‘tumbuk lurus’ or uppercut ‘sauk’ to exponent body’s (Anuar, 1992).

Kick:
The kick ‘tendang’ or ‘terajang’ is an ataacking movement which is performed with one leg or two legs simultaneously. A kick can be aimed at any target. It can be front kick ‘tendang depan’, side kick ‘depak’ or semi-circular side kick ‘ tendang lengkar’(Anuar, 1992).

Block:
The blocking movements begin with the posture position ‘sikap pasang’: the exponent stands straight with his hands around his body or close to his chest. Blocking or parrying ‘tangkisan’ can be done using arms, elbows and legs with the purpose to block off or striking back at any attck (Anuar, 1992).

Catch:
The catch ‘tangkapan’ is done by using the hand to obstruct the opponent from carrying out an attack. The silat exponent is able to prevent himself from being attacked by pointing the attack which he has caught to another direction. A catch which twists or drags the opponent is forbidden. Also, a catch which could break the part which is being held such as the leg and waist is also forbidden. These regulations exit to protect the silat exponent’s (Anuar, 1992).

Topple:
There are various ways of toppling down one’s opponent. For example, a silat exponent ‘pesilat’ can either push, shove the opponent’s back leg from the bad or from the side, shove, hit, kick, strike or punch to make the opponent lose his balance. Every falls is considered valid as long as the sila exponent topples his opponent down without wresting or he is able to overpower the opponent whom he has brought down (Anuar, 1992).

Sweep:
Swiping ‘sapuan’ involves attacking an opponent’s leg which is on the ground to unstable him and brings down to the ground. A silat exponent can perform this attacking movement either with his right or left leg. Hence, front sweep ‘sapuan depan’ is done by swinging the leg to the front to push an opponent’s leg, while back sweep ‘sapuan belakang’ is carried out by swinging the leg backward to hit the back leg (Anuar, 1992).

Evade/Dodge:
The evade ‘elakan’ technique is carried out by silat exponent when he tries to evade an attack. This technique does not require the silat exponent to touch the opponent in fending off the attack. They are many ways of carrying out his defensive movement such as dodging ‘gelek’, retreat ‘mundur’, evasion to the side ‘elak sisi’, bending ‘elak serung’, jumping ‘lonjak’ ducking ‘susup’ and etc. (Anuar, 1992).

Self-Release:
Self-release ‘lepas tangkapan’ technique is a technique to unlock any clinch or catch from an opponent (Anuar, 1993).

Block and Punch:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the leg to kick the opponent (Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).

Block and Kick:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using sweeping technique to the opponent (Shapie et al., 2013). Block and Sweep:
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using sweeping technique to the opponent (Shapie et al., 2013).

Fake Punch:
An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake punch to break his opponent’s defensive posture (Shapie et al., 2013).

Fake Kick:
An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake kick to break his opponent defensive posture (Shapie et al., 2013).
All the activities are considered high intensity except for others which at that time both silat exponents are in low intensity periods.

Statistical Analysis:
All the raw data collected from all matches used the system produced by Shapie at all by 2013. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS version 21. A descriptive analysis was used to determine the different of performance between winners or losers in silat matches.

Results:
Table 1: Total Mean and Standard Deviation for all four matches

EXPONENT
MEAN
STANDARD DEVIATION
BLUE
4.68
6.32
RED
4.08
6.55

TEAM INDONESIA (BLUE)
Table 2: Frequency of actions and outcomes recorded during a silat match

BLUE:
ACTION
OUTCOME
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Block
0
6.5
0
6.5
Block and Kick
0
0
0
0.0
Block and Punch
0
2.5
0
2.5
Block and Sweep
0
2.0
2.5
4.5
Kick
40.5
50
4.0
94.5
Fake Kick
0
6.0
1.5
7.5
Punch
9.5
21.5
6.5
37.5
Fake Punch
0
6.0
8.5
14.5
Self-Release
0.5
2.5
0
3.0
Topple
0
9.5
7.5
17.0
Sweep
0.5
12.5
22.0
35.0
Catch
3.0
12
2.0
17.0
Dodge
1.5
0
0
1.5
Total
55.5
131.0
54.5
241.0

OPPONENT TEAM (RED)

Table 3: Frequency of actions and outcomes recorded during a silat match

RED:
ACTION
OUTCOME
Hit Elsewhere
Hit Target
Miss Opponent
Total
Block
0
5.0
0
5.0
Block and Kick
0
0
0
0
Block and Punch
0.5
2.0
0
2.5
Block and Sweep
0
2.5
2.5
5.0
Kick
42.5
41.0
16.0
99.5
Fake Kick
1.5
8.0
0.5
10.0
Punch
15.5
19.0
4.0
38.5
Fake Punch
0
8.0
2.0
10.0
Self-Release
0
3.5
1.0
4.5
Topple
0
6.0
3.0
9.0
Sweep
0.5
2.5
18.0
21.0
Catch
1.5
5.5
0
7.0
Dodge
0
1.0
0
1.0
Total
62
104
47
213

Table 4: Frequency profile of the 2 contestants
Exponent
Block
Kick
Punch
Topple
Total
Blue
13.5
102.0
52.0
17.0
184.5
Red
12.5
109.5
48.5
9.0
179.5
Total
26.0
211.5
100.5
26.0
364.0


Discussion:
According to the result for this competition, for the first match, between Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia and Muhammad Ridhwan Selamat from Singapore in category Men’s 50kg Class A in quarterfinals, Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia won this game 4-1. For the second match, Awaluddin Nur also won 5-0 in semi-final against the player from Philiphina which is Alshameir Ibnohasim in Class A Men’s 50kg while for the third match is during quarterfinals women’s category 60kg Class C is between Nurul Shafiqa Mohamed Saiful from Singapura and Wewey Wita from Indonesia, and the winner is from Indonesi which is the score 4-1. Lastly in category Men’s 85kg Class H in final between Tri Juanda Samsul Bahar from Indonesia and Muhammad Robial Sobri from Malaysia, Tri Juanda Samsul Bahar won this game 4-1.

For the first match, between Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia and Muhammad Ridhwan Selamat from Singapore in category Men’s 50kg Class A in quarterfinals, Awaluddin Nur from Indonesia which is Blue corner won this game 4-1. This is because the player from Blue corner is using more kick than the opponent, he also use more sweep and topple to against his opponent. The player from Blue corner is using more attacking than player from Red corner. Both teams have well in strength and fitness.

For the second match, Awaluddin Nur from Blue corner also won 5-0 in semi-final against the player from Philiphina which is from Red corner is Alshameir Ibnohasim in Class A Men’s 50kg. This is because the player from Blue corner use more sweeps and topples than the Red corner. But Red corner is more attacking which is the player use more kicking but the kicking is not accurate. Blue corner player have a really good agility and reaction time.

For the third match is during quarterfinals women’s category 60kg Class C is between Red corner playaer Nurul Shafiqa Mohamed Saiful from Singapura and Blue corner player from Indonesia is Wewey Wita, and Blue corner player is winning this game 4-1. This is because player from Blue corner use more kicking and sweep than the opponent from Red corner. Player from Blue corner is more defending and attacking than the Red corner player. The player from Red corner have low level of fitness, have low reaction time, speed and not aggressive like player from Blue corner.

Lastly in category Men’s 85kg Class H in final between Tri Juanda Samsul Bahar from Indonesia and Muhammad Robial Sobri from Malaysia, Tri Juanda Samsul Bahar which is from Blue corner won this game 4-1. This is because player from Blue corner is use more defending than attacking while Red corner more attack but the attacking is not accurate. The player from Blue corner have good in fitness level and strength because when the Red corner try to topple down the Blue corner but the player from Blue corner not fall down. The player from Blue corner also has well in reaction time and agility.

Conclusion: 
Since the ultimate indicator for team to success is by kicking and topple the other indicators seem to be superior creating chance to win the game. Although the result may vary due to total number of score given, this can be improved to the specific training especially in kicking and punch to improve the chance of scoring. Every team is prefer to more attacking than defending, this finding provide important information for coaches developing their defences mechanism and also their offense strategies.

There is also a range of frequency in attacking and defensive activities used by both of the exponents. The player from Blue corner used more kicks and topples than the loser which is from Red corner may reflect greater skill or fitness or both but it is still doubtful that these are the only factors that influence the match.

The recommended for the coaches is developing conditioning is important elements of training programs for silat athletes so that the level of strength is increase. The coaches also must insert the element of related fitness in the training which is health related fitness and skill related fitness until the players achieve the peak performance.

  References:
      JOURNAL

·    Anuar AW. Teknik dalam seni silat melayu [In Malay] (Technique in Silat Melayu). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka; 1992.

·         Anuar, A. W. (1993). Silat Olahraga (2nd edn.). The art, technique and regulations.

·         Thomas JR, Nelson JK. Research methods in physical activity. 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2001.

·         Upadhaya, B., Munir, R., & Blount, Y. (2014). Association between Performance Measurement Systems and Organisational Effectiveness. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 34(7), 2-2.

·         Shapie, M. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2013). Activity profile during action time in national silat competition. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts., 1(2), 81-86.

·         Parnabas, V., Shapie, M. N. M., & Parnabas, J. (2015). Level of Drugs Usage and Sport Performance in Malay Silat. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 15(2), 45-51.

·         Shapie, M. N. M. (2011). Influence of Age and Maturation on Fitness Development, Trainability And Competitive Performance In Youth Silat (Doctoral dissertation, Cardiff Metropolitan University).

2.      INTERNET
h.      malayfightingarts.blogspot.my/2008/07/silat-olahraga.html?m=1

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This article was submitted by Farisha Mamat, an expert of sport research. Did you find these article useful?
For more question, please email: sitinurfarishamamat@yahoo.com